Results do not appear to be consistent over time. The teacher was then asked by the experimenter who wore a lab coat to administer electric shocks which were actually harmless to the learner each time he gave the wrong answer.
Propose an Advocacy Plan that addresses the following: Participants were clearly stressed and some must have been embarrassed by the procedure and suffered some loss of self esteem once they had been informed that it had all been a big con.
Also worth mentioning in an essay question is the information Crutchfield found out about the personalities of conformist individuals by administering a personality test after the procedure. Once this happens, the minority opinion has become the dominant position in society, and people do often not even remember where the opinion originated from.
As the prisoners became more submissive, the guards became more aggressive and assertive. Kim and Markus suggest that failing Outline and evaluate locus of control conform is seen as a strength in Western society whereas collectivist societies see it as deviant behaviour.
However, thought regarding causality is needed here too. The concept of locus of control applied to independant behaviour is supported by research by Anderson and Schneier who found that group members possessing an internal locus of control were more likely to emerge as leaders in their group.
This creates uncertainty amongst the majority.
The ethics Participants were deceived so were unable to give their informed consent. The guards worked shifts of eight hours each the other guards remained on call.
They may even believe that others have control over them and that they can do nothing but obey. Once the participants were debriefed and could see the confederate was OK their stress levels decreased. However, the male participants in the new study were not swayed by the majority view.
This type of conformity extends over several aspects of external behavior. Social change is usually a result of minority influence. A distinction can be made between two forms of consistency: An ethics committee review whether the potential benefits of the research are justifiable in the light of possible risk of physical or psychological harm.
Some psychological and educational interventions have been found to produce shifts towards internal locus of control e. They talked about prison issues a great deal of the time.
For example I did well on the exams because I revised extremely hard. Williams wore a laboratory coat a symbol of scientific expertise which gave him a high status.
Milgram wanted to see whether people would obey a legitimate authority figure when given instructions to harm another human being. These beliefs, in turn, guide what kinds of attitudes and behaviours people adopt. Further increases in group size do not increase conformity.
A person can either have an internal locus of control or an external locus of control. The researchers argue that this is a strength of their new approach: Minority Influence Minority influence occurs when a small group minority influences the opinion of a much larger group majority.
This explanation tends to lead to internalisation. In each group, three participants wore identical glasses, with one participant wearing a different set, thereby causing them to observe that a different comparison line matched the target line.
There is evidence that, at least to some extent, LOC is a response to circumstances. Permanent - an individual may see a a situation as changeable or unchangeable. The confederates were told to give the incorrect answer on 12 out of 18 trails.
Three participants had uncontrollable seizures, and many pleaded to be allowed to stop the experiment. However Asch did debrief at the end.• Explain the role of Locus of Control in resisting social influence (6 marks) • Outline and Evaluate the role of Social Support and Locus of Control in.
In some cases people can resist the pressure to conform or obey because of their personality. Rotter () proposed the idea of locus of control, which is the extent to which people believe they have control over their own lives.
Locus of Control as a principle was originated by Julian Rotter in It considers the tendency of people to believe that control resides internally within them, or externally, with others or the situation.
Note that, like other preferences, this is a spectrum. Some people have a wholly internal or external locus of control, but many will. The extent to which people believe they have power over events in their lives.
A person with an internal locus of control believes that he or she can influence events and their outcomes, while. 02 Briefly outline and evaluate the findings of any one study of social influence.
[4 marks] MARK SCHEME. Marks for this question: AO1 = 2 and AO3 = 2. Level Marks Description 2. 3–4: Findings are clear and accurate. • locus of control – people with an internal locus of control more likely to resist pressure to. The term locus of control refers to a persons perception of personal control over their own behaviour.
It is measured along a scale of high internal to high external. High internals perceive themselves as having a great deal of personal control over their behaviour and are therefore more likely to take personal responsibility for it.Download